About Burundi

Burundi is a country in East and Central Africa with an area of ​​27,834 km2; it is part of the East African Community (EAC).

It is surrounded by three countries: Tanzania to the east, Rwanda to the north, the Democratic Republic of Congo and the shoreline of Lake Tanganyika to the southwest.

What's Latest

Top ten annual notifiable diseases and conditions

  • Malaria
  • Neonatal tetanus
  • acute flaccid paralysis
  • measles
  • meningitis
  • cholera
  • Pneumonia
  • TB
  • hemorrhagic fever
  • Malnutrition

Top ten causes of morbidity

  • Malaria
  • Pneumonia
  • Conjunctivitis
  • Helminthiasis
  • Diarrhea with dehydration
  • Malnutrition
  • Ear’s Infection for under 5
  • Traumatism
  • Infectious diseases
  • STIs

Top ten causes of mortality

  • Malaria
  • Lung Diseases
  • Infection of the newborn
  • Infectious diseases
  • Acute gastroenteritis and diarrhea
  • Trauma
  • Acute respiratory distress of the newborn
  • Anemia
  • Diabetes
  • Acute renal failure

List of priority programmes

  2. HIV and AIDS and STIs
  3. TB
  4. Malaria
  5. Immunization and Vaccines
  6. NCD
  7. Nutrition
  8. Neglected tropical diseases
  9. IMCI (Integrated Management of Childhood illness)
  • NDP (National Development Plan)
  • NHP (National Health Policy)
  • NHDP (National Health Development Plan)
  • Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)
  • Nutrition
  • Multisectoral platform for nutrition and food security with SUN strategy
  1. Electronic medical record (EMR)
  2. Follow-up of the tuberculosis patient by the DHIS2 tracker module
  3. Mentoring for the management of gynecological obstetric emergencies  
  4. Introduction of a subcutaneous form of contraceptive used in self-injection
  5. Screening and treatment of pre-cancerous lesions of the cervix by cryotherapy
  6. Introduction of HIV self-testing (through saliva)

Policy documents

Download the country's most recent Health Policy Documents