Republic of Uganda, also known as the ’’Pearl of Africa’’, is a landlocked country it borders with Lake Victoria and Lake Albert in East-Central Africa. It is bordered to the east by Kenya, to the north by South Sudan, to the west by the Democratic Republic of the Congo, to the south-west by Rwanda, and to the south by Tanzania. The southern part of the country includes a substantial portion of Lake Victoria, shared with Kenya and Tanzania.
Uganda is in the African Great Lakes region lying within the Nile basin, and has a varied but generally a modified equatorial climate. Although generally equatorial, the climate is not uniform since the altitude modifies the climate. Uganda’s elevation, soil types are predominantly warm and wet climate which impart a huge agricultural potential to the country. They also explain the country’s large variety of forests, grasslands and wildlife reserves. The official languages are English and Swahili, although a number of local languages exist.